Sunday, September 16

10 Questions Parents Need to Ask About School Security

10 Questions
By: Carl Chinn

Sometimes I see an article written by others that is just too good to keep to myself. Such as it was when I read the following written by my friend, Eric Smith. Currently, Eric is the Director of Security of a healthcare system. He is the sitting President of the International Association of Healthcare Security and Safety (IAHSS), Colorado Chapter. Previously, Eric was a police officer where he served as a firearm and emergency driving instructor, as well as a field training officer.

The following was posted on his website (which is a good one to add to your favorites bar):

10 Questions Parents Need to Ask About School Security

Summer is winding down. That means school has started, or is about to, depending on where in the country you are. Amidst the rush to get supplies, school clothes and back to a more hectic pace of life, parents should ask some basic questions about their kids’ school security. Schools are normally safe havens for our children, but are very vulnerable to becoming a target. They are generally ‘soft’ targets with little in the way of security staff and attract a lot of attention when things go wrong.

As a concerned parent, take a few moments to ask some basic questions about the school’s security program and verify that everything reasonable is being done to keep children safe in school. Just by taking an interest and following up with the school will send the message that safety is important and helps ensure that the best steps will be taken.

1. Who’s in charge?

The first item is to find out who is responsible for security. Is it listed as a duty in their job description? It is a good bet that if no one is responsible for security, then security is just an afterthought at the school.

2. Access control –

How many doors are left unlocked during the school day and who locks them up afterwards? Are all the open doors in a location where they can be supervised by staff? How are visitors identified?

3. Background screening –

All employees working around kids should be screened during the hiring phase. Does the screening process look for criminal convictions around the country or just locally? What is the policy on individuals with criminal histories – at what point are they considered non-hirable? Is there any screening on long-term employees after they have been hired, such as an annual criminal record check?

4. Crime tracking –

Is there a record of criminal events or suspicious activity that occurs on the property? How about periodic tracking of data to see if crime is increasing or decreasing around campus?

5. Security risk assessment –

Every year, a security risk assessment should be completed to identify high risks and that information should in turn be the focus of efforts to fix the gaps. Does the assessment include a review of policies and procedures, crime reports, local crime, as well as building security including lighting and landscape?

6. Security drills –

When was the last security drill? Were areas for improvement identified and what steps were taken to make those improvements? Along the same lines, what kind of security awareness training has been provided to faculty? Has staff been trained to identify suspicious behavior?

7. Video surveillance –

Video surveillance can be a great tool for evidence gathering after an incident, as well as a chance to detect and deter suspicious problems. Does staff know how to use the existing video surveillance system to search for events, as well as download images or video for law enforcement? Is the software updated routinely and how often are the cameras cleaned or serviced?

8. Threat assessment team –

Does the school have a team to assess any risky events or threats? A mix of staff and local law enforcement should be part of the team to evaluate threats or violent behavior and develop an action plan on how to respond.

9. Tracking of custody issues –

This applies to parents with sole or shared custody following a separation. How does the school track and enforce who is allowed to pick up kids from class? What steps are taken to prevent parental kidnapping? Are copies of restraining orders kept on file along with any court-issued custody papers?

10.Special events –

How is security maintained when off campus? Field trips or even on-campus events may require additional security measures. What steps are considered and how is protection maintained?

As a parent, one of the best things that you can do to help keep your children safe at school is to ask these questions and show an interest, and let administration know that security is an important consideration.
Think About it:
  • While Eric was writing about schools, his thoughts are applicable to any organization that has a regular population of children.
  • Churches sometimes fear they will offend parents by taking measures such as locking certain doors, or having a posted guard in the area of their children. While there are some dissidents to any measure, most parents (and certainly us Grandparents) appreciate active, intentional measures to protect those children. While you are concerned about offending them, the parents should be looking at your church with questions such as Eric listed as they consider attending there.
  • If your church can answer all these questions positively, you are confirming your care of children.

Friday, September 14

Security Threat Alert! Faith-Based Organizations

The Joint Intelligence Bulletin issued by the FBI and the Department of Homeland Security said “the risk of violence could increase both at home and abroad as the film continues to gain attention.”

“First responders should remain aware of the potential for spontaneous large crowds and protests that could overwhelm resources and should be vigilant for possible efforts to encourage peaceful protesters to commit acts of violence,” the warning said.

It urged “faith-based organizations to promptly report suspicious activities that could indicate pre-operational plotting against Jewish, Coptic, Islamic, or any other faith-based communities.”

Thursday, September 13

Why ePanic Button?

Why ePanic Button?
Don’t wait for a dangerous, disastrous incident to occur before giving all your employees the tools they need to protect themselves in every type of situation.  Public-facing employees must be able to identify troubling, threatening incidents when they first begin.  They must be able to summon and receive help in all levels of urgency – from low level to high.
ePanic Button is the incident notification system that gives all your front line employees control and peace-of-mind.

ePanic Button Fills the Void Between Employees and Mass Notification Systems

Unlike centralized mass notification systems that alert groups of people after a major security incident is identified, ePanic Button empowers front line employees to identify incidents when they first begin, discreetly take control of the situation, and summon and receive help for low level to high level incidents. Early stage, lower level incidents do not always require deploying mass notification and emergency notification systems.
With ePanic Button, front line employees improve early stage response and intervention in any type of situation, and protect themselves and everyone around them.

ePanic Button Is More Flexible Than Traditional Panic Buttons

Unlike traditional, hard-wired panic buttons mounted to furniture with limited capabilities, ePanic Button is completely customizable and flexible.  Alerts are distributed via desktop alerts , email and text messages.  Messages say what you want them to say, and identify the sender’s name, phone number and location.  Receivers can quickly respond to let the sender know their message was received and help is on the way.

ePanic Button Is Simple and Does the Job

  • One click sends desktop alerts, email and text messages - not feature heavy with too many bells and whistles
  • Designed for early stage, low level incidents that do not require complex mass notification or emergency notification systems

 Advantages of ePanic Button

  • Simple – easy to install and use, no additional hardware or software required
  • Customizable – create your own buttons, messages, and receiver groups according to a situation’s level of urgency and receiver’s location, department or role
  • Manageable – runs on your network with support from our cloud-based administrative system
  • Flexible – send any combination of alert messages to any combination of receivers
  • Mobile – no wires or hardware mounted on furniture, desktop alerts on PCs, email and text messages
  • Versatile – also use for medical and weather alerts, meeting reminders, visitor notifications
  • Cost Effective – less expensive yet equally powerful compared to other incident notification systems

Benefits of ePanic Button

  • Empowers front line employees to be in control of situations and their personal safety
  • Enables front line employees to own their personal safety and the security of co-workers and customers
  • Expands your ability to successfully assist co-workers before contacting 911 or on-site security
  • Prevents situations from escalating into threatening, dangerous, or tragic events
  • Reduces your dependency on contacting police for lower level incidents and situations
  • Improves the safety and security of your organization and peace-of-mind of your employees

For more information email

Wednesday, September 12

Church Security Conference - Wyoming, MI

Chuck Chadwick and Carl Chinn
TOPICS includes:
Three Strands of Church Security by Chuck Chadwick
3 strands
  • The Threat
  • Strand One - Team Players
  • Strand Two - Systems and Tools
  • Strand Three - Policies and Procedures
Carl Chinn will speak on the subject of ministry environment security and emergency response and his eye witness recount of New Life church shooting and Focus on the Family hostage incident.
Click here for more information...

WHEN: March 9, 2013
WHERE: Grand Rapids First
LOCATION: 2100 44th Street Southwest
Wyoming, MI 49519
COST: $50 until February 27th and $75 at the door
  • 8:00 - 9:00 a.m. Breakfast (Included)
  • 9:00 - 12:00 p.m. Session One
  • 12:00 - 1:00 p.m. Lunch (Included)
  • 1:00 - 5:00 p.m. Session Two
CONTACT: Sally or Kim (616) 531-2100 for questions.

ePanic Button Information

Faith-based institutions are sanctuaries and places of worship with an open, welcoming environment.  However, faith institutions also encounter the same security challenges and liabilities as any other for-profit or non-profit organization.
Because places of worship are also prone to threatening, dangerous, and criminal activities, you’re obligated to protect your clergy, staff, congregation and students with a church security solution.
You need a simple, easy-to-use incident notification system for all your employees and volunteers who encounter irate, troubled or violent visitors to your facilities.
ePanic Button is a computer-based panic button system that lets anyone identify a situation early on and discreetly and rapidly summon the help and support they need.  You customize your alerts according to levels of urgency – whether you just need other staff to come to your desk for back-up support, or you need someone to call 911.

Situational Uses

  • Front desk or lobby
  • Counseling offices
  • Assistance centers and areas
  • Administrative offices
  • School offices and classrooms

ePanic Button Incident Notification System

ePanic Button is a completely customizable incident notification system with two components -  a web-based administrative site hosted by ePanic Button, and a small client installed on workstations.  The program is easily downloaded from the web-based administrative site and quickly installed onto your workstations within minutes.
Desktop alerts are sent and received on workstations in your local area network.  Email and text messages are sent on your outgoing SMTP server.  With just one click of a mouse, keystroke, or tap of a foot pedal, front line workers rapidly and discreetly send any combination of desktop alerts, email and text messages to any combination of receivers you specify.
You create your buttons, alert messages, and receiver groups on the web-based administrative site.  ePanic Button lets you customize your alert messages according to levels of urgency, department, location, role – whatever you require.  The web-based administrative site does not send and receive alert messages.

Small Client Installed on Workstations

  • Sends any combination of customized desktop alerts, email and text messages to any combination of receivers you require
  • Sends and receives desktop alerts peer-to-peer over you local network.  Pop up alerts appear over any open program and flash with an optional audible alarm whenever an alert message arrives
  • Sends email and text messages through your outgoing SMTP server.  They can be sent to anyone, including employees and contacts who do not have ePanic Button software installed on their workstations.
  • Respond feature enables receivers to confirm receipt of pop up alerts by clicking a button that stops the flashing and audible alarm and dispatches a signal to the sender, letting them know their message was seen and help is on the way
  • Reporting feature lets you add notes to incidents and import them to a text file
  • Quick installation using an ePanic .msi file
  • Optional foot pedal enables users to send an alert with no visible hand motion

Web-based Administrative Site

  • Hosted by ePanic Button
  • Cloud-based control center where you manage your users, easily configure buttons, messages, and receiver groups, and update your system profiles
  • Even if the connection to our server is down, alert messages are still sent and received on your network
For more information or for a free trial email me at

Tuesday, September 11

Never Forget 9/11

A day to remember! 9/11

I took this photo last year during the 10th Anniversary of the 9/11 attacks. This is looking at the fountains where the North Tower once stood. This photo also shows the base of the new "One World Trade Center" Building.

Thank you to all who serve and protect this nation!

Monday, September 10

Additional Information on Louisville Church Shooting

From: WDRB News

A bible study and at least one soccer game was taking place inside and outside the church at the time of the shooting, several people told WDRB News.

One person inside the church ran out and screamed, "Run!" to players taking part in a soccer game.

About 10 to 20 people were inside the church when the shooter opened fire. Police spent several hours interviewing each of them after the shooting.

About 10 to 20 people were inside the church at the time of the shooting. LMPD police spokeswoman Alicia Smiley credits the retired police officer who arrested Hindi with keeping things from getting much worse.

"Fortunately, despite this tragedy, there was a retired LMPD officer who was also at the church at the time that this occurred. What he did was subdue that person, he was able to detain him until our officers arrived".

Read More:

My Thoughts: When I originally posted an article about this shooting I did not realize that church events were also taking place during the time of the shooting. I was under the impression that the complete building was being rented out by a local homeowners association. As you can read above, multiple church related events were occurring inside the building during the shooting!

I want to draw your attention to the last line from the story above. This tragedy could have been much worse if there was not a retired police officer present that was able to subdue the shooter. Similar to other events like the New Life church shooting in Colorado, a quick response from onsite security staff, stopped the event from being much worse! 

You are not going to be able to prevent everything; however, having a plan in place to reduce the outcome of a tragic event is still a good plan!

Ushers Stop Purse-Snatching in Pittsburgh Church

From: Fox News

PITTSBURGH – A man who claims to be a heroin addict has been jailed on charges he snatched a woman's purse while she was taking communion during Mass at a Pittsburgh church.

Pittsburgh police say parishioners, including the off-duty chief of the Port Authority of Allegheny County police, tackled 31-year-old Eric Csurilla on Sunday morning and held him until officers arrived.

Read more:

My Thoughts: Although short, this is a great article! Ushers & greeters are often your first line of defense in a church setting. Many churches do not have the ability to have a trained security team; however, by providing a little extra training to the ushers and greeters you are one step in the right direction. Larger churches that do have security teams should still incorporate their ushers and greeters into their overall plan. 

Introducing ePainic Button

About two months ago I received an email from a company called ePanic Button. This is a new business (less then 2 years) that has developed a computer based epanic button system. In the past I have talked about the importance of having a panic button in your facility. The problem for many churches has been the cost of installing a hard wired system into their facility. ePanic button provides a solution that that dilemma. now has a distributorship agreement with ePanic Button and we are able to help get this product into your facility!

Why should you have a panic button?

Most facilities have receptionists that serves as the front line of defense when a customer or member enters your facility. Many times this receptionist is alone and out of the sight of others. By providing a panic alarm you allow that receptionist to have the ability to receive instant help in the event of emergency. A standard panic button is normally installed under a desk. A power source and wires then has to be installed and run to the location of the alarm. Sometimes this can be extremely costly, especially if it is integrated into your existing alarm system.

ePanic allows you to simply install a program on your computer and it is instantly connected to any other computer that is running the same program. You can even install a panic foot pedal via a USB port! ePainic allows you to customize hot-key alarms on your keypad and provide multiple messages based on different scenarios. 

Scenario #1: Your receptionist is sitting at the front desk and a member of your church enters the building. The member is evidently upset for an unknown reason. The receptionist tries to calm down the individual; however, the situation only escalates. The receptionist could simply press a "hot-key" on her computer that blasts a message out to all staff members requesting assistance at the front desk due to a irate individual. 

Scenario #2: A pastor is in his office providing council to a member of the church. The door is closed and the person begins to get upset. The pastor feels that the situation is escalating and that it would be helpful to have another person in the room with them. The pastor can have a "hot-key" with a preprogramed message that blasts out only to other pastors asking for assistance in his office. 

Scenario #3: A unknown person walks into your facility. The person presents a weapon and demands money from. He states that he knows his wife has been giving to the church behind his back and that he wants all the cash from their recent offering. The person at the front desk is able to tap the foot pedal which sends a pre-programmed message that says "call 911 immediately"! You happen to see the message and contact the police. You are able to respond to the message and so the receptionist knows that help is on the way. 

These are just a few example that I came up with while sitting at the airport typing this post. The are countless ways to use this program for your benefit! 

I will be providing more information this week on the ePanic system. If you are interested in more information send me an email at and I will send you some information over email. Free trials and demo's are also available via request.

Sunday, September 9

Second Victim in Louisville Church Shooting Dies

From: WDRB News

LOUISVILLE, Ky. (WDRB) -- A University Hospital spokeswoman has confirmed that a second victim in Thursday's Springdale Community Church shooting has died.

Melissa Deaver confirmed that Marvin Fisher passed away this morning.

73-year-old David Merritt also passed away as a result of the shooting. Police say 55-year-old Mahmoud Hindi shot the men at a homeowners association meeting Thursday night.

Read More Here

Why? - "Think About It Series"

By: Carl Chinn
(Excerpt from the book, Evil Invades Sanctuary)

Before 9/11/01 airline crews were instructed simply to cooperate with the demands of hijackers. The model of hijackers capitalizing on that quiet compliance to use the plane as a suicide bomb had never happened. It is not a bad mark against the crews and passengers of the first three planes that day that they didn’t take action. They complied as most would have, given the models to go by. It is really quite remarkable that the passengers and crew of flight 93 so quickly created the new model.

Now airline protocol (as well as passenger response) is different, and because of that difference Richard Reid now shares prison with the likes of Ted Kaczynski instead of sharing history with Mohamed Atta. Flight attendants and passengers took 6’ 4” Reid down hard with creative weapons of seatbelt extensions, headphones and brute force as he tried to bring down American Airlines flight 63 over the Atlantic shortly after 9/11 with a deadly bomb hidden in his shoe.

Just as law enforcement agencies, schools and airlines learn and adapt from incidents, churches should do the same. Threats are endless and unpredictable, as are their triggers (reasons for the attacks). The triggersoffered for heinous examples following are not spiritual theories. That angle can be written by someone else. These are simply the reasons discovered in the investigations.

On April 27th, 2003 Daniel Bondeson laced arsenic into the coffee in the Gustaf Adolph Lutheran Church in New Sweden, Maine. Walter Reid Morrill died, and 15 others were hospitalized as a result of the poisoning. It was discovered to have been retaliation over petty church politics, personal grudges, and being offended by nasty tasting coffee at a previous church event.

On April 25th, 2008 an argument over damaged mailboxes erupted in the parking lot of the Pinedale Baptist Church in Ashville, Alabama leaving one man shot and killed.

In Wheaton, Minnesota on September 3, 2009 Claude Hankins and David Collins got into a fight in the sanctuary of Thy Kingdom Come World Ministry over a washer and dryer. Collins swung a baseball bat at Hankins hitting Hankins’s 14 month old daughter instead, killing her.

At a party on March 11th, 2011 at the Bethlehem United Methodist Church Community Center in Edin, North Carolina, Eric Blackstock and Akeen Laquan Clark got into an argument over the best place to live in the area. Clark produced a handgun and shot Blackstock in the chest.

Think About it:
  • How can you determine when someone walks through the door of your facility where their mind is at? How do you know who or what may have set them off? It may not have anything to do with your place as the source of the retaliation. Often an offense simply came from an obscure church member or stranger. Ministry leadership was often not aware of, nor did they have any control or influence over the situation until it exploded under their roof or in their parking lot.
  • In many deadly force incidents at churches and ministries there was at least some level of observation of the brewing storm. For various reasons it wasn’t taken seriously until it was too late and became an investigation. In Louisville, KY this week a shooting erupted inside the Springdale Community Church. A neighborhood housing association was meeting in the church (as a bible study and athletic program were occurring in other areas of the church and grounds). 73-year-old David Merritt was killed and 69-year-old Marvin Fisher remains in critical condition after 55-year-old Dr. Mahmoud Hindi became enraged over a long-standing dispute over a driveway, fence, satellite dish and no-trespassing sign on his property and started shooting.
  • Many crimes (violent and non-violent) occur when we least expect them. But since the beginning of times when people interacted with others, there have been conflicts. When those conflicts are observed, we should pay attention. Of 581 incidents studied at faith-based organizations, 15.05% were due to a conflict between two or more people that erupted into deadly force actions.

Friday, September 7

1 Dead, 1 Wounded in Louisville, KY Church Shooting

From: Fox News

LOUISVILLE, Ky. – A Louisville man who recently was told his driveway violated city zoning codes shot and killed a neighbor and critically injured another at a homeowners association meeting inside a church, police said Friday.

Mahmoud Yousef Hindi, 55, is scheduled to be arraigned Saturday morning in Louisville on charges of murder, assault and seven counts wanton endangerment in the Thursday evening shooting...

Springdale Community Church is a popular community gathering place, hosting several youth sporting events. Police say seven other people were in the room when Hindi fired the shots.

Read more:

Visiting Church Websites ‘More Risky’ than Going to Porn Sites

Note: I was note sure if I wanted to post this article in fear of someone taking it the wrong way. After thinking about it, I felt that the point of the article overcame the risk! This article is NOT saying that pornographic websites are good; however, it is using them to compare how religious websites are in risk. Please take the time and invest the money to protect your website from Internet crime! This report comes from Norton, which is the leading provider of Virus and Internet Security.
From: The Financial Express

According to Norton chief cyber security advisor, Adam Palmer, pornography sites were generally free of viruses, because their operators wanted users to return and keep spending money.

Instead, the sites most likely to carry viruses and malware were pirating or illegal file share websites, and religious websites.

Going to church websites is more risky than going to pornography websites,” the Age quoted Palmer, as saying.

Thursday, September 6

Evil Among Us - "Think About It Series"

By: Carl Chinn

The LAPD Counter-Terrorism unit announced recently that, “… we have active terrorist plots, in this region, right now.” The statement by Deputy Chief Michael Downing (Commanding Officer of the Counter-Terrorism unit) was made Wednesday of last week in an interview with CBSLA. Downing clarified by disclosing that they are currently trackinggovernment of Iran operatives, Hezbollah, sovereign citizen, homegrown violent extremists, animal rights groups and others.

In the Southeast, a terror plot has been averted in the Savannah, GA area. With the Fort Stewart army base close by, the area is home to many current, former and aspiring military personalities. Not all of those have honorable intentions. Privates Isaac Aguigui and Christopher Salmon, Sargent Anthony Peden, former soldier Michael Roark and his 17-year-old girlfriend started all shooting together for recreation. Then it turned more serious.

At some point, Aguigui is alleged to have presented “the manuscript” -- a book about true patriots. They formed an anarchist group and labeled themselves as “FEAR” (Forever Enduring Always Ready). As they cached weapons, developed plans, and gained momentum, Roark and his young girlfriend got cold feet and began to be a concern to the others. Finally they were murdered to eliminate the threat of exposure. Due to excellent law enforcement work, their homicides resulted in the investigation that uncovered the group’s activities.

Beyond simple talk, the group is alleged to have plotted bombing attacks, the assassination of President Obama, and even the overthrow of the US Government. During court proceedings one of the accused recounted how it came to murder declaring the government needed a change, and how he thought “we were the people who would be able to change it."

Think About it:
  • As long as there have been opinions, there have been those with extreme views and tendencies to act on their views.
  • Though neither of these stories involved a church, churches often represent some symbol of society that some people despise. Isaiah 54:17 reminds us that, “No weapon forged against you will prevail” (NIV). Consistent with the very nature of warfare, if an organization is on the move, there are weapons being fashioned and plans being made for an attack by that enemy. This is not a call for fear, but rather a rational reminder of a very real, active and determined enemy. The security and safety of everyone associated with churches and faith-based organizations requires people, parts and processes that are intentionally focused on protection to (with God’s help) prevent those plans from prevailing.

Security Conferences

I received a request today from a reader to post more information on church security related conferences. I know that many of my other readers often come across this information and/or are hosting their own church security related events. Please send me an email when you come across this information so I can post it for others. I will try to use the “conference” tab as a bulletin board for events. Email

Tuesday, September 4

What's the Purpose?

Every once in a while I feel that it is important for me to express to my readers “why” I take the time to work on this website. In 2009 I began researching the topic of Church Safety and Security due to a passion I have for the subject. It was quickly evident that there were not a lot of resources available to readers on the topic. I decided that I would start a blog to bring awareness to the topic for church leaders and congregational members. By God’s grace, over the last several years this project has drastically grown.

Since this time I have been studying at both the American Military University and Penn State and have chosen to use this website and topic as the basis of much of my study. My main objective or goal has been to “provide a tool that brings awareness of current church security related events, while offering recommendations of resources for church use”.

This goal helps to fulfill the two greatest challenges that I see related to church security. First, I continually hear that “there is not a need for church security”. By posting recent events related to safety and security at churches, it is my hope that readers can see that there is a need for church security and that these events can and may occur at their local facility. It provides a research tool for churches to find information that they can use to present to their leadership when trying to explain why a specific item should be of concern. The second challenge that I have found is that churches don’t know where to go for help. Over the years I have had many vendors approach me about advertizing or selling their products. I have turned many of them away; however, there are several products that I feel can be of great value to you and you’re church. Some of these include background check services, two-way radio communications, and a new company that provides a computer based panic button system.

Future Plan: My current plan is to continue on the path that I have started. I want to try to grow the readership of this website so more churches can benefit from this information and resources. Over the next year I hope to convert into an official non-profit. Unfortunately this takes time and money so it is taking a little longer then I have anticipated.

In conclusion, if you are reading this then you too see a need for church security. Thank you for taking the time to support this website!

Saturday, September 1

FEMA Business Prepardness


Businesses [churches] can do much to prepare for the impact of the many hazards they face in today’s world including natural hazards like floods, hurricanes, tornadoes, earthquakes and widespread serious illness such as the H1N1 flu virus pandemic. Human-caused hazards include accidents, acts of violence by people and acts of terrorism. Examples of technology-related hazards are the failure or malfunction of systems, equipment or software.

Ready Business will assist [Places of Worship] in developing a preparedness program by providing tools to create a plan that addresses the impact of many hazards. This website [] and its tools utilize an “all hazards approach” and follows the program elements within National Fire Protection Association 1600, Standard on Disaster/Emergency Management and Business Continuity Programs. NFPA 1600 is an American National Standard and has been adopted by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security.

The five steps in developing a preparedness program are:
Program Management
•Organize, develop and administer your preparedness program
•Identify regulations that establish minimum requirements for your program

•Gather information about hazards and assess risks
•Conduct a business impact analysis (BIA)
•Examine ways to prevent hazards and reduce risks

ImplementationWrite a preparedness plan addressing:

•Resource management
•Emergency response
•Crisis communications
•Business continuity
•Information technology
•Employee assistance
•Incident management

Testing and Exercises
•Test and evaluate your plan
•Define different types of exercises
•Learn how to conduct exercises
•Use exercise results to evaluate the effectiveness of the plan

Program Improvement
•Identify when the preparedness program needs to be reviewed
•Discover methods to evaluate the preparedness program
•Utilize the review to make necessary changes and plan improvements